Self Storage Investment: Key Financial Metrics To Know

key financial metrics

December 2, 2023

Key financial metrics play a crucial role in assessing the performance and potential success of a self-storage investment. These metrics provide insights into the financial health, efficiency, and profitability of a self-storage property. Here are some basic, key financial metrics you should be familiar with and an explanation of how they impact the success of a self-storage investment:

Net Operating Income (NOI):

Calculation: NOI is calculated by subtracting operating expenses from total revenue.

Impact: NOI represents the property’s ability to generate income from its operations. Investors use NOI to assess the property’s profitability before accounting for financing or income taxes.

Cap Rate (Capitalization Rate):

Calculation: Cap Rate is calculated by dividing the property’s NOI by its current market value or acquisition cost.

Impact: Cap Rate is a measure of the property’s return on investment. A higher cap rate may indicate a higher potential return, but it often comes with higher risk.

Occupancy Rate:

Calculation: Occupancy Rate is calculated by dividing the number of rented units by the total number of available units.

Impact: A high occupancy rate signifies strong demand and revenue, while a low occupancy rate may indicate potential revenue challenges or the need for marketing and operational improvements.

Revenue per Rentable Square Foot:

Calculation: Revenue per Rentable Square Foot is calculated by dividing total revenue by the total square footage of rentable space.

Impact: This metric helps assess the efficiency of space utilization. Increasing revenue per square foot can enhance overall profitability.

Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR):

Calculation: DSCR is calculated by dividing the property’s NOI by its debt service (principal and interest payments).

Impact: DSCR measures the property’s ability to cover its debt obligations. A DSCR below 1 may indicate financial stress, while a ratio above 1 suggests the property generates enough income to cover debt payments.

Return on Investment (ROI):

Calculation: ROI is calculated by dividing the property’s profit by its total investment cost.

Impact: ROI reflects the profitability of the investment. A higher ROI indicates a more profitable investment, but it should be considered alongside other metrics for a comprehensive assessment.

Cash-on-Cash Return:

Calculation: Cash-on-Cash Return is calculated by dividing the property’s annual pre-tax cash flow by the total cash investment.

Impact: This metric provides a percentage return on the actual cash invested, helping investors evaluate the property’s income generation relative to their initial investment.

Operating Expense Ratio:

Calculation: Operating Expense Ratio is calculated by dividing total operating expenses by total revenue.

Impact: A lower operating expense ratio indicates more efficient property management and can contribute to higher profitability.

Rent Growth:

Calculation: Rent growth measures the percentage increase in rental income over a specified period.

Impact: Positive rent growth indicates a healthy market and the potential for increased revenue, while negative rent growth may signal challenges in attracting tenants or market saturation.

Break-Even Occupancy:

Calculation: Break-Even Occupancy is calculated by dividing total operating expenses by the gross revenue.

Impact: This metric helps determine the occupancy level needed for the property to cover its operating expenses, providing insights into financial sustainability.

Investors should analyze these financial metrics collectively to gain a comprehensive understanding of the self-storage investment’s financial performance and potential for success. Regular monitoring and adjustments based on these metrics can help optimize the investment strategy over time.

Reach out to us today if you are interested in having us perform a Broker Opinion of Value for your facility.


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